Under the auspices of Living Madinah in Manchester on the 7th March 2015
Early Modernity (1453–1789) arguably begins with the fall of Constantinople to the Osmanli Turks, but that would mislead us into thinking of that as its cause. Much more germane to our topic would be the life of Cosimo di Giovanni de’ Medici (27 September 1389 – 1 August 1464) and his heirs. Cosimo was a Christian but one with a guilt that plagued him. Heir to his father’s bank, he nevertheless was troubled by the knowledge that he was guilty of the mortal sin of usury. When this was confirmed by a cardinal who told him the only expiation would be to give the proceeds away, Cosimo decided to give ‘some’ of the proceeds away and to such illustrious figures as Michaelangelo and Leonardo da Vinci and more, thus launching the Renaissance. Among his achievements were to have Greek philosophical works, brought by Christians fleeing Constantinople, translated and studied, thus laying the bases for scientific and secular humanism. Continue reading “Jesus, a Muslim’s Perspective”
Abdassamad Clarke speaking about Imam Ghazali’s work on ‘Right Livelihood and the Common Good’, the 13th book from his collection ‘The Revival of the Islamic Sciences’. The talk is based on Dr. Adi Setia’s (student of Sh. Naquib al-Attas) paper that is a translation of the text and will work to develop understanding of traditional mu’amalat (transactions) and economics in the modern age.
From the Tafsir of Ibn Juzayy Kitab at-tashil li ‘ulum at-tanzil
“The Sciences of Tafsir” is translated from Ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi’s
Kitab at-Tashil li ‘Ulum at-Tanzil”.
“The author was born in 693 AH. His name was Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad,
called al-Qasim, ibn Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Juzayy al-Kalbi, i.e.
from the Arab tribe of Kalb, may Allah be pleased with him and make
him contented, and make the Garden his shelter. He was al-Gharnati
(from Granada in Andalusia, Spain) and thus European. Ibn Juzayy wrote
widely on all the sciences of his day: hadith, fiqh, Qur’anic recitations
and tafsir. He died fighting as a shaheed in the Battle of Tareef
in the year 741 AH.”
(from the introduction to “The Sciences of Tafsir”)
The book includes his outline
of all of the sciences of commentary on the Qur’an, and his commentary
on the isti’adhah, the basmalah, the Fatihah, the
last ten surahs of Qur’an from Surat al-Fil to the end, and the first
ayat of Surat al-Baqarah.
The following file is PDF – Portable Document Format. I have used this format since it allows
me to publish a document with a mix of English and Arabic in it. The
book was written and the layout done with Nisus
Writer on a Macintosh, but PDF is readable on almost any computer.
The Sciences of Tafsir. This latter contains almost the entire first introduction on
the sciences necessary for tafsir, the commentary on the seeking refuge,
the basmalah, the last ten surahs, the Fatihah and on the first ayat
of Surat al-Baqarah, with a considerable amount of explanatory notes
and footnotes. This book is shortly to be issued as an e-book on this site insha’Allah.
The following files require no plugins:
From “al-Qawanin al-Fiqhiyyah” of Ibn Juzayy
Werner Heisenberg giving the lecture on Natural Law and the Structure of Matter delivered on the hill of pynx, on the 3rd of june 1964
Heisenberg’s most penetrating insight is still largely unknown
When we turn to Werner Heisenberg (December 1901 – 1 February 1976) we quickly realise that we have to consider, as it were, three different men: the mathematical physicist, the essayist and the man. The first who springs to mind is the brilliant theoretical physicist and mathematician who was at the forefront of the extraordinary revolution in human thinking known as quantum mechanics, and who, with great intellectual honesty, along with Nils Bohr, Wolfgang Pauli and a considerable number of others, held fast during the intellectual turmoil unleashed until they were able to formulate new insights with clarity. That alone will be enough for him to be remembered by history as one of the major thinkers of all time. Contrary to biographies of Einstein, which concentrate on his personal genius and scientific achievements, the key to understanding Heisenberg is the great brotherhood of science that transcended borders and ideologies before the Second World War, and which was arguably shattered beyond repair by those events. Continue reading “Heisenberg’s Quantum Leap”
Al-Imam al-A‘zam Abu Hanifa was the founder of the madhhab that bears his name, which was given its fullest expression by his ‘Two Companions’, Imam Abu Yusuf and Imam Muhammad ibn al-Hasan. It is the largest of the four madhhabs and is most extensive in the East, but with a sizeable presence in Europe and the West with the presence of immigrant Turkish and Pakistani Muslim communities.
Imam al-Dhahabi was born in Damascus in 673 AH. Over 1,200 scholars transmitted hadiths from him via direct transmission and ijaza. His authored works amount to almost one hundred books. He was a man of noted intelligence and a renowned hafiz. He continued to write until he lost his sight in the year 743, and died on the eve of Monday the 3rd of Dhul-Qa‘da, 748 in Damascus.
Shaykh Abu al-Wafa’ al-Afghani (1310-1395AH) was a prominent Hanafi Shaykh who studied with some of the foremost scholars of his time.
Shaykh Muhammad Zahid ibn Hasan al-Kawthari al- Hanafi al-Ash‘ari (1296-1371AH) was the adjunct to the last Shaykh al-Islam of the Ottoman Caliphate and a major Hanafi jurist praised by Imam Muhammad Abu Zahra as a Reviver (mujaddid) of the fourteenth Islamic century.
Published by Vision of Reality
Shaykh Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili took the Path from Shaykh ‘Abd al-Salam ibn Mashish, who took it from Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Madani, and so on back one by one to al-Hasan ibn ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib, the first qutb. The reason why the shaykhs of the Path of Sufi initiation have to be listed in this way is because it is a matter of transmission, and transmission requires a chain.
Shaykh Abu al-Hasan al-Shadhili would be visited by scholars, such as Sultan al-‘Ulama Shaykh ‘Izz al-Din ibn ‘Abd al-Salam and Shaykh Taqi al-Din ibn Daqiq al-‘Id.
Abu’l-Fadl ‘Abd al-Rahman ibn Abi Bakr ibn Muhammad Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti (born on the 1st of Rajab 849AH/1445, died in 911AH/1505) was a Shafi‘i mujtahid Imam, Sufi, hadith master (hafidh) and historian, and a prolific writer who authored works in virtually every Islamic science.
Abdullah ibn Muaammad ibn al-Siddiq ibn Ahmad al-Ghumari was born in Tangiers in 1328/1910, a descendent of the Prophet a through Imam al-Hasan on his father’s side and through the Moroccan Sufi Ibn ‘Ajiba on his mother’s side. He came from a scholarly family with a large number of notable ‘ulama’. He was considered one of the foremost experts in hadith in recent times. He studied under traditional scholars in Morocco and in al-Azhar. He authored some 150 works and was recognised as an authority by his contemporaries. He died in 1413/1993.
Published by Visions of Reality
Understanding the Laws of Menstruation
In the study of jurisprudence, menstruation (hayd), post-natal bleeding (nifas) and irregular vaginal bleeding (istihada) are amongst the most important subjects and an area of special concern to women, because many rulings of Islamic law depend on them, such as purification, reaching puberty, prayers, fasting, circling the Holy Ka‘bah, spiritual retreat (i‘tikaf), marital relations, divorce, the waiting period (‘idda) after divorce and the death of a husband and many more.
Knowing the legal rulings in regards to female bleeding is obligatory for every Muslim woman. This is because, without knowledge of them, a woman may leave something that Allah has made obligatory on her or she may perform an act that has been made unlawful for her, and become wrongdoing due to that.
The work is based on the following noted texts of the Hanafi school: Muktasar al-Quduri, al-Lubab fi Sharh al-Kitab, Nur al-Idah, Maraqi al-Falah, Hashiyat al-Tahtawi & Hashiyat ibn ‘Abideen.
“Understanding the Laws of Menstruation is a ‘must’ for every female believer in order to have at hand precise knowledge of the basic rulings in Islam relating to women in particular regarding to female bleeding. The book is very simple, easy to understand and very useful for every genuine student.”
Apa Jaan, Headteacher, Jaamiatul Imaam Muhammad Zakaria
Salma Sirajudin received her Degree in Islamic Theology from the Islamic College of Holcombe, Bury. She further studied various Islamic Sciences including the Arabic language, grammar, Tafseer, Hadith and jurisprudence under a number of traditional Islamic scholars in England, India and Yemen. She taught in Lancaster Girls College for several years before moving to Banbury, Oxfordshire where she currently resides with her husband and three children. She conducts regular classes here and her service for humanity has been appreciated by the people.
Published by Date Palm Publishers
Question: Dear Abdassamad Clarke, what is meant by Heidegger’s thesis “science does not think“?
Since I could not conceivably do justice to Heidegger’s thinking on this and I would dislike merely to be a ‘Heideggerian’ who turns Heidegger’s open-ended reflections into a new doctrine, perhaps you would permit me to tackle this from another direction.
Science pursues a ‘method’, another word for ‘technique’, and has done so ever since Galileo and, in particular, since Descartes and his Discours Sur La Methode. With method, technique and system, one builds but one does not think. Scientists have been building a model, or multiple models, which are not completely compatible with each other, of how things are, or, in another phrase of Heidegger’s, “a theory of the real”. I mention models that are not compatible with each other and the most prominent examples of that are general relativity and quantum theory.